Health sciences and medicine are prominent application areas of information and technology. Measurement and imaging methods, testing, analysis and patient monitoring instruments are developing and increasing at a very fast pace. As a result, not only patient data is increasing at a very fast rate but also health information is getting richer. The contribution of information technologies in putting the research results to practice is indispensable, considering the expanding pace of research conducted in medicine. The main motivation in Health Informatics lies in the forming, shaping and sharing of this information effectively and providing new methodologies in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. This is why; the biggest step that Turkey should take in Health Informatics is to start training specialists. In addition, the analysis and synthesis of advancements in all areas of science, especially neuroscience, have always been on the agenda of Health Informatics. This is crucial for interdisciplinary approaches, combining the knowledge in several fields such as neurology, neuroradiology, neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, biophysics, neuroimaging, neuropsychology and neurobiology. It is also necessary to establish shared and reusable processes, and to carry these processes into inter-institutional dimension with the help of information technologies.
In recent years, biomedical informatics has come into use as a name encompassing the converging fields of medical informatics and bioinformatics. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field spanning different areas of science, engineering, and mathematics. In particular, Bioinformatics lies at the interface of the traditional disciplines of Biology, Computer Science and Engineering, Mathematics, Statistics, Chemistry, and Physics. Recent advances in life sciences, such as the completion of the Human Genome Project, led to the generation of massive data sets that require the development of sophisticated computational analysis tools. With the help of the analysis tools and new mathematical models, the genetic code of living organisms is being deciphered and the integrated functions of thousands of genes are being discovered. Our understanding of the natural world is dramatically changing with the ultimate goal of improving the quality of human life.